Today it’s Friday July 2 the 183rd day of 2021. There are 182 days left in the year.
On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted a resolution saying that “these united colonies are and should be free and independent states by right”.
In 1867, New York’s first elevated railway line, a single track between Battery Place and Greenwich Street, came into service.
In 1881, President James A. Garfield was shot dead by Charles J. Guiteau (gee-TOH ‘) at Washington train station; Garfield died the following September. (Guiteau was hanged in June 1882.)
In 1917, riots broke out in East St. Louis, Illinois, as white mobs attacked black residents; nearly 50 people, mostly blacks, are believed to have died in the violence.
In 1937, aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the Pacific Ocean as they attempted to make the first round-the-world flight along the equator.
In 1961, author Ernest Hemingway shot himself to death at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.
In 1963, President John F. Kennedy met Pope Paul VI at the Vatican, the first meeting between a head of the American Catholic executive and the head of the Roman Catholic Church.
In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson enacted a Civil Rights Bill passed by Congress.
In 1976, the United States Supreme Court, in Gregg v. Georgia ruled 7-2 that the death penalty was not inherently cruel or unusual.
In 1982, Larry Walters of San Pedro, Calif., Used a lawn chair equipped with 45 weather balloons filled with helium to rise to an altitude of 16,000 feet; he landed eight miles away at Long Beach.
In 1986, ruling in two cases, the Supreme Court upheld affirmative action as a remedy for past discrimination in employment.
In 1990, more than 1,400 Muslim pilgrims were killed in a stampede inside a pedestrian tunnel near Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
In 2018, rescue divers in Thailand found 12 boys and their soccer coach, who had been trapped by the flooding while exploring a cave more than a week earlier.
Ten years ago: Petra Kvitova beat Maria Sharapova 6-3, 6-4 to become the first female left-hander to win the Wimbledon title since Martina Navratilova in 1990.
Five years ago: Hillary Clinton was voluntarily questioned for 3.5 hours by the FBI at the agency’s headquarters in Washington about her use of a private mail server as Secretary of State. Holocaust survivor and Nobel Prize winner Elie Wiesel (EL’-ee vee-ZEHL ‘), 87, has died in New York. Oscar-winning director Michael Cimino, 77, has died in Beverly Hills, California.
One year ago: The government said employers created 4.8 million jobs in June and the unemployment rate fell to 11.1%, still a depression-era level, as the labor market s ‘improved for a second consecutive month.
Today’s birthdays: Former Philippine First Lady Imelda Marcos is 92 years old. Jazz musician Ahmad Jamal is 91 years old. Actor Robert Ito is 90 years old. Actor Polly Holliday is 84 years old. The Racing Hall of Famer Richard Petty is 84 years old. Former White House chief of staff and former New Hampshire Gov. John H Sununu is 82 years old. Former Mexican President Vicente Fox is 79 years old. Actor Owain (OH’-wyn) Yeoman is 43 years old. Racing driver Sam Hornish Jr. is 42 years old. NHL center Joe Thornton is 42 years old. Singer Michelle Branch is 38 years old. Actor Vanessa Lee Chester is 37 years old.